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Bulgaria (България) is a country in the Balkans on the western side of the Black Sea. It is surrounded by Romania to the north, Serbia to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia to the southwest, Greece to the south, and Turkey to the southeast.
Being located close to the Turkish Straits means the key land routes from Europe to Middle East and Asia pass through Bulgaria.
Sofia is the capital city. Important cities are Plovdiv, Varna, Burgas, Rousse, Stara Zagora, Pleven, Dobrich, Sliven and Shumen.
Bulgaria’s terrain is mountainous. The River Danube flows along Bulgaria’s border with Romania. Other rivers include the Iskur, Maritsa, Mesta
and Strouma. Bulgaria’s climate is temperate with cold snowy winters and hot summers.
The Bulgarian language is Slavic and is related to Serbian, Russian and other Eastern European languages, but contains many international words that are coming from French language , however in the last two decades there is visible increase in the amount of words that are coming from English language. Bulgarians use the Cyrillic alphabet which can make the task of getting around the country somewhat difficult if you aren’t familiar with this alphabet as most signs are written in it. However, getting acquainted with the alphabet isn’t very difficult and may save you a lot of trouble, especially as many common words are homophones of English or French words. Also, as Bulgarian education emphasizes foreign language studies, especially English language, it wouldn’t be a problem to talk and find information in English in larger cities. You can expect most of the younger generation to speak good English.
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Bulgaria has been traditionally a Christian state since the adoption of Christianity as state religion in 865, and therefore the dominant confession is Eastern Orthodoxy of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. During the Ottoman rule of the Balkans Islam established itself in the territories of Bulgaria, Roman Catholicism has roots in the country since the Middle Ages, and Protestantism arrived in the 19th century.The Constitution of Bulgaria designates Orthodoxy as the “traditional” religion of the country, but guarantees the free exercise of religion.Bulgaria has not experienced any significant-scale ethnic-religious confrontation as was the case in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s and 2000s. The religious communities in the country coexist peacefully.In fact, the capital Sofia is known for its so-called Triangle of Religious Tolerance: the St Nedelya Church, Banya Bashi Mosque and Sofia Synagogue are located within meters of each other in downtown of the city. To understand better the tolerant Bulgarian people you should visit Bulgaria.