Welcome to one of the most beautiful countries in the World!
Welcome to Bulgaria! Bulgaria ( България, ), Bulgaria is a country located in Southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south and the Black Sea to the east. With a territory of 110,994 square kilometres (42,855 sq mi), Bulgaria is Europe’s 14th-largest country. Its location has made it a historical crossroad for various civilisations and as such it is the home of some of the earliest metalworking, goldsmith, religious and other cultural artifacts in the world. Prehistoric cultures began developing on Bulgarian lands during the Neolithic period. Its ancient history saw the presence of the Thracians, and later by the Greeks and Romans. The emergence of a unified Bulgarian state dates back to the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire in 681 AD, which dominated most of the Balkans and functioned as a cultural hub for Slavic peoples during the Middle Ages. With the downfall of the Second Bulgarian Empire in 1396, its territories came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries. The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 restored what is known, as the Third Bulgarian State. The following years saw several conflicts with its neighbors over the remaining Bulgarians outside of the Bulgarian state, which prompted Bulgaria to align with Germany in both World Wars. In 1946 it became a Socialist state with a single-party system. In 1989 the Communist Party allowed multi-party elections, following which Bulgaria transitioned to democracy and a market-based economy. Today Bulgaria is a part of EU and NATO. The population of 7.36 million people is predominantly urban and mainly concentrated in the administrative centres of its 28 provinces. Most commercial cultural activities are concentrated in the capital Sofia. The strongest sectors of the economy are heavy industry, power engineering, tourism and agriculture, all relying on local natural resources. The current political structure dates to the adoption of a democratic constitution in 1991. Bulgaria is a unitary parliamentary republic with a high degree of political, administrative and economic centralisation. It is a member of the European Union, NATO and the Council of Europe; a founding state of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE); and has taken a seat at the UN Security Council three times. Bulgaria had to go along way to achieve those goals. Official holidays: January 1 – New Year March3 – Bulgaria’s Liberation from Ottoman rule – the National Day Easter – one week after the Catholic Easter May 1 – Labor Day May 6 – Bulgarian Army Day May 24 – Day of Bulgarian Enlightenment and Culture and the Slav alphabet September – Bulgaria’s Unification September 22 – Independence Day December 25-26 – Christmas